Advanced materials are defined as novel materials with engineered properties. A Novel material are new and does not resemble anything which has been used in the past. The products used with these materials make the production created with them smaller, stronger and more ecologically sustainable. Examples include graphene and Nano carbon tubules, Biomaterial and Metals.
I encountered advanced materials for the first time when I had the opportunity to visit with a client in Japan who was working on fuselage design which would wound up being used in the Boeing 787 Dreamliner. The fuselage is the body of the aircraft. Commercial aircraft had traditionally used metal in the design of the fuselage. Composite materials are those which combine one or more separate components and which are designed to exhibit overall the best properties of each component. Typical properties include and are not necessarily limited to mechanical, optical, electrical and magnetic properties.
The image which I remember the most was the prototype airline we looked at the windows were twice the size of normal windows. The bottom of the window nearly went to the floor. I had small children at the time it looked as if they would be in a position to fall out. In actually, the fuselage was much lighter and stronger than the airplane I would be flying on my return to the United States.
What the Future Brings
The advanced materials of the future will unquestionably have an impact on the next generation of alternative energy and sustainable technologies. I can only imagine what applications these materials will be able to support the life changing technologies of the future.